With 189 member countries, staff from more 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the Foreign investment in pakistan Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. The World Bank Group works in every major area of development.
We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. We face big challenges to help the world’s poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. Inbound FDI has played an important role in China’s economic development and export success. FDI policies in China have evolved alongside economic development and strengthened institutional capacity.
In terms of share of GDP and investment, FDI accounted for some 2. 5 percent of GDP on average over the last five years. While this may appear to be low it can be easily explained by the overall size of the economy: China is the third largest economy of the world, just behind Japan and the United States of America. Evidence on technology spillovers is more limited, but industries with higher FDI seem to have higher productivity increases than other industries, suggesting a positive effect. Importantly, foreign investment has catalyzed China’s economic reform.
A gradual and prudent approach has been taken in the process of liberalization. Corresponding to China’s shift of its development goal from an emphasis on GDP growth towards a more harmonious balanced development, China made a radical commitment to services liberalization in its accession to WTO. By 2009, FDI in services increased 3 times from that in 2000, while manufacturing FDI in China increased 81 percent. Regional production networks in East Asia grew substantially in the past few years and were largely aligned with China as their center. Thousands of multinational corporations have invested in China.
The latest UNCTAD report on World Investment Perceptions lists China in first place among the top 15 investment locations. Hong Kong SAR and Taiwan, China have traditionally been the most important sources of FDI, but the presence of investors from Japan, the USA, and Europe has grown over the years. Arguably, this has served China well to weather the financial crisis. Looking into the near future there may be a case for further liberalization of backbone services such as finance and telecommunication.
FDI among local authorities but can also become cause of excessive red tape and corruption. In such a decentralized environment transparency of regulation and open communication between Government and business community is of special importance. To this end, local governments are increasingly seeking to ensure the administrative and operational efficiency of the approval process. The World Bank Group recently published its Investing Across Borders 2010 report. The report is a new study comparing regulation of inbound foreign direct investment across four topics for 87 countries. It presents indicators only on countries’ laws, regulations, and practices affecting how foreign companies invest across sectors, start businesses, access industrial land, and arbitrate commercial disputes. As such its scope is intentionally limited.
It does not cover all circumstances relevant for foreign investors. The Country profiles of the report need to be read with that context in mind. As a result, recent FDI strategies have taken a more selective approach, to attract environmentally sustainable, energy efficient, and technologically advanced industries. China has been quite open for FDI in almost all manufacturing and most service industries. But China has been circumspect in its gradual approach to liberalization to synchronize it with the development of institutional capacity. The World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved. You have clicked on a link to a page that is not part of the beta version of the new worldbank.